Have you ever wondered
why a few people have fair skin while a few have dark or brownish skin?
Usually, the color of the skin depends on the pigment known as
“Melanin.” So, the skin pigmentation depends on Melanin. In general,
the larger amount of Melanin contributes to darker skin. In contrast, the
little amount of melanin production leads to pale and light skin. Although, the
skin color also depends on the infections, blisters, pregnancy, burns, or
exposure to the sun.


Mostly skin pigmentation
is the result of damaged melanocytes(cells that produce Melanin). A few
pigmentation disorders pop up throughout the body, while a few show up in
specific parts of the body. Are you curious to know about various skin
pigmentation disorders? Let’s get started.


Multiple Skin Pigmentation Disorders


Now, let’s discuss a few
skin pigmentation disorders based on the effects produced on your skin.


●     Depigmentation


Depigmentation is a
condition where the person loses his/her skin pigment completely or partially.
As a result, the person loses the entire body color. This effect can be
permanent or temporary. 


●     Hypopigmentation


It’s a condition where
melanocytes produce little quantities of Melanin and results in a lighter skin
complexion. Sometimes, hypopigmentation can be caused due to burns, infections,
and ulcers.


●     Hyperpigmentation


In this disorder, a
colossal amount of Melanin is produced that darkens the skin. It also happens
by taking drugs and continuous exposure to sunlight in rare cases.


Skin Conditions Associated With Skin Pigmentation


The skin pigmentation
also causes several other skincare issues such as melasma, vitiligo,
lentigines, and a lot more. Read more to discover various skin diseases
associated with pigmentation complications.


●     Lentigines


This is also most often
referred to as “Liver Spots.” This skin condition affects parts
w=that are exposed to the sun and is mostly seen in elderly people.


●     Pityriasis Alba


It’s one of the most
common skin conditions causing scaly patches and pale skin color.


●     Vitiligo


It causes white patches
which are sensitive to sunlight on the skin and are majorly caused due to the
absence of melanocytes.


●     Incontinentia Pigmenti


This is highly reported
in males than females. The colossal melanin production and deposits cause skin


●     Xeroderma Pigmentosum


Like Albinism, it’s also
one rarely observed genetic skin disorder. People suffering from this skin
disorder are highly sensitive to UV rays. This is why the short span of
exposure to sunlight causes severe burns and leaves them with dry skin, dark
spots, and various skin cancers.


●     Melasma


Melasma is a skin
condition that is highly observed during pregnancies. It usually induces dark
patches on the skin and is significantly caused by hormones and oral
contraceptive pills.


●     Acanthosis Nigricans


The most commonly
affected body parts are the armpits, neck, and groin—the people with this
condition experience darker and thick skin.


●     Albinism


Albinism is one of the
genetic disorders where the albinos experience a partial or complete loss of
Melanin. These people are also highly prone to skin cancers, blurry vision, and
extreme sensitivity to sunlight.